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Families currently use a range of technologies to locate, track, and inform each other of their physical location and activities. These include GPS-enabled devices and dedicated location-based software applications such as Life360. To date, Whilst research has focused on perceptions and uses of these tracking technologies within private family contexts. To date, however, there is no research into how these technologies are received in the wider public imagination. This paper contributes to knowledge about family location tracking technologies by investigating public representation and debate around their uses, meanings, and impacts. The study offers a topic-based and thematic content analysis of public conversations about Life360 and family tracking apps on three key social media platforms – Twitter, YouTube and TikTok. The study offers both a platform-specific and cross-platform analysis to understand how these technologies are publicly perceived and contested. The themes identified across the three platforms align with their varied cultures of use and platform vernaculars, with Twitter emphasizing newsworthy topics and events, YouTube focusing on commercial product reviews and tutorials, and TikTok posts using humor and memes to express everyday experiences and political expressions. Finally, the cross-platform analysis highlights the power of an antagonist and ambivalent platform vernacular found within the younger user community on TikTok to influence wider public topics of discussion across other social and mainstream media.
Families are increasingly using apps and devices that provide detailed information about the location and activities of children and other family members. While typically performed for benevolent reasons such as maintaining child safety, tracking technologies like Life360 and Find My Phone raise concerns about snooping and surveillance. This paper examines parental behaviours and attitudes towards this controversial practice via an online survey which collected responses from Australian parents of children aged 5-18. A significant number of parents reported using tracking tools. Parents’ views about the practice were sometimes ambivalent and in disagreement. Perspectives variously included: defending geo-tracking as conducive to child wellbeing and family management and logistics, attacking the language of surveillance used to describe it, and opposing the use of these technologies as antithetical to child independence and choice. After exploring such themes, the paper builds on literature associated with child and family location tracking by identifying and critically discussing the socio-ethical issues of changing family norms associated with powerful child monitoring technology, child autonomy and consent, and the normalisation of geo-tracking and surveillance. The discussion employs Helen Nissenbaum’s concept of contextual integrity to evaluate family and child privacy and to illuminate the socio-ethical complexity of this evolving technological practice.
This paper presents one chapter from my PhD thesis, which uses feminist and queer approaches to consider the human rights impact of the collection and sharing of data in children’s services in England. My thesis draws on critical data studies to examine how the collection and use of data interact with systems of power: they shape who can know what about the world, and to what uses this knowledge can be put. This chapter examines one specific case study in existing programming in children’s social care: the ‘Troubled Families Programme.’ This programme, as I show, has as a key objective the increasing use of data by the local authorities. I will argue that the concept of ‘family’ in this data does not correspond with how the concept is defined in law, policy or practice.
I situate the collection and sharing of data within the history of information-gathering and decision-making in children’s services and with the political choices which have shaped service delivery and datafication. Classification and categorisation are used to define the ‘family’ as a unit of analysis, which enables the identification of the ‘problem family,’ and further its definition as implicitly outside of the norm. Through examining the ways in which data systems classify, categorise and stereotype individuals who are known to social services, I show how the expectation that individual and family lives are legible to computers is used to normalise certain forms of families, and stereotype those who do not comply as ‘troubled.’ I argue that the use of data in this programme encourages and naturalises simplistic, Aristotelian classification: both to categorise people into families, and in order to classify families into ‘troubled’ and (implicitly) ‘normal.’
Data collection and sharing is portrayed as actively beneficial for child welfare provision in the UK: however, in this paper, I argue that it promotes a simplistic view of what makes a good family. In place of families that work together, and state support that works to support them, the ‘Troubled Families Programme’ and its associated datafication project support an antiquated idea of what makes a good family, and promote work as the solution to all ills.
The paper discusses and explains the reasons that disparities and discrepancies prevail between Global North and Global South with regard to datafied family and society in general. The main question is to identify why the Global South is reluctant, dubitative even hermetically closed to reveal family secrets and facts.
Algeria as part of the South is a case study in this paper. Thus, in this country, characteristics of opacity and conservatism values and principles appear to prevail without challenges. Also, fields of culture, education, ethics, religion and politics constitute the main obstacles and hurdles to build up a datafied family that lead to family dynamics. More than that, social inequality, gap trust, injustice, lack of transparency , lack of law and order, freedom of the press contributed to adopt secretive and discreet attitudes.
It is assumed that the democratisation of the society is intimately linked to the level of political awareness, openness, commitment, civil society, citizenship engagement and in this case, Algeria is still striving to achieve such democratic goals, values and practices.
Yet, the conception and perception and implementation of datafied society are far from being well explained and understood. Algeria has inherited a socialist regime with unique party system and one way of thinking and subsequently rejecting opposite views. Citizens are trying very hard to catch up with a new political, economic and cultural environment based on principles on plurality and diversity of opinions and ideas.
So, if my paper is accepted I will provide some answers on the problematic difficulties and constraints of setting up datafied family in the Global South and Algeria in particular.
This paper explores how online networks (re) construct caring and nurturing practices of the family through the shaping of the female body as a body that produces human milk in ways that resemble old and gendered forms of labor and creates new ones. Through the analysis of three online communities of breastmilk exchange that afford both ease, access, and opportunity (Eats on Feets Facebook Groups, Facebook Market, and OnlyTheBreast.com), this essay explores how digital networks together with the technology of the breast pump and apps that keep track of breastmilk production, mobilize the female body and its milk into objects that are sometimes exchanged as commodities and others, as commerce-free pieces of labor in an era of economic relations led by the gig economy and augmented by digital platforms.
This paper studies the different elements that play a role in the exchange of breastmilk in families that sell, donate, buy or acquire breastmilk through online networks. These elements include features of the platform, type of users, network’s guidelines and values, safety measures, post content, price of the exchange, type of commitment, motivations for the exchange, and family dynamics. What opportunities for families is the online exchange of breastmilk bringing? How is that shaping, transforming, or imitating family life? What inequalities and power dynamics are being exposed and reshaped? The essay is not only putting three different sites/networks of breast milk dissemination in tension while exploring these questions, but by extension, it also shows the difference between a mutual aid social network and a commercial gig economy site as spaces embedded in family life. The paper illustrates that tension and difference, which becomes clear through the juxtaposition.
Purpose: As Internet technology evolves, electronic health (e-health) literacy gradually becomes a key factor in healthy behaviors how among adult how among adolescents. However, little is known about the influencing parental factors of adolescent e-health literacy in family. Thus, the objective of this study was to systematically review the status quo, assessment tools, and influencing parental factors of e-health literacy of adolescents.
Methods: We conducted a comprehensive search in several databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science between January 2006 and December 2022. The following search term was used E-health literacy scale. Inclusion criteria were: (1) English article published between 2006 and 2022. (2) Literature Free full text or Open Access. Exclusion criteria were: (1) Reviews, books, letters to the editor, and abstracts of speeches.
Results: A total of 61 articles were included in this review, all of which were studies about electronic health (e-health) literacy scale. The e-Health Literacy Scale (eHEALS) was the most used measurement for e-health literacy. The study has identified the influencing factors of e-health literacy among adolescents in family, including age, gender, domicile place, parental education level, information-seeking behavior, and social support. In this review, influencing parental factors were divided into predisposing factors, contributing factors, and enabling factors. These findings of this review provide new ideas for both family members and healthcare professionals to improve eHealth literacy among adolescents. Further research is needed to develop and implement an easy-to-use e-health literacy scale for adolescents.
Conclusion: In addition, there is a need to develop easy-to-use and highly accessible online information platforms and mobile applications for e-health literacy among adolescents. In addition, family members should improve communication and discussion with them on the use and acquisition of electronic resources for disease prevention and motivation for a healthy lifestyle. Families of adolescent also be encouraged to offer them more support. The findings highlighted parents as significant role models in adolescents’ healthy behaviors. Therefore, further research to examine the role of parental factors in development of adolescents’ e-Health Literacy is required.
Keywords: E-health literacy; adolescents; parental influencing factors; systematic review.
Despite numerous reforms over the years, intestate succession rules continue to privilege traditional, white, heterosexual families. It is evident that the one-size-fits-all scheme cannot truly reflect diversity of lifestyles and associations. This Article considers an innovative option that has become increasingly popular in recent years: using big data to create personalized rules, tailored to the personal characteristics of each decedent. This Article explores the promise and drawbacks of personalized intestacy, arguing that personalized default rules fall short in the realm of inheritance, because these rules are personal and inheritance law is inherently relational. It then offers preliminary guidelines for adapting big data techniques to the relational aspects of inheritance.
I use this framework to expand the study to critically evaluate other rules that can be personalized in the family: marital property division, will interpretation, and cohabitation.
Across East Africa, different regimes are experimenting with various ways of reclaiming control of the often-perceived ‘volatile’ social media and private messaging spaces. Yet, these platforms are the main ways of news exposure thus calling attention to how these tactics manifest in the patterns and practices of news consumption. This study positions trust within the broader discourses of surveillance as well as the socio-cultural context within which trust and privacy form part of public debates. While there is a widespread agreement that artificial Intelligence and algorithms have reconfigured the information—including news— distribution and consumption in the global south, it is not clear how they have shaped the understanding of trust and privacy among users its community of users. Point often overlooked, news is more than just ‘news’; it connects the ‘self’ to the immediate ‘world’, and at the same time brings the ‘world’ to the ‘self’. With this in mind, the inherent tensions of balancing how much information on/or about the ‘self’ the world need to know, and how much of the world the ‘self’ needs to know, raises fundamental issues on trust and privacy. Preliminary findings show that trust and privacy are two peas in a pod, they are inextricably linked and mutually reinforcing; two broad understandings of trust emerged, namely: vertical trust i.e. trust in societal institutions and ‘horizontal’ trust i.e. trust in each other. On the one hand, technical affordances, for instance, privacy settings and other provisions such as the use of passwords, Personal Identification Numbers (PIN), fingerprints, and voice commands among other security features emerged as the technical measures of guaranteeing online privacy and security.
Broadcasting moments of private life on YouTube has given rise to new narratives of the intimate, in individual terms, but also in the family sphere. In this way, events such as going back to school, the birth of a new family member, holidays, moving house, or a domestic problem, make up the themes of the channels through which all of this takes place: family vlogs. In addition, an apparent naturalness, and the ability to connect with audiences and thus influence their behaviour has put these family channels in the spotlight of advertisers. This research examines the intrinsic motivations (hedonic and eudaimonic), as well as the extrinsic motivations that drive these families to share their live on YouTube. For this purpose, the HEMA-RX questionnaire (Huta, 2016) was administered to N=11 families and N=101 vlogs were analyzed. Results reveal that we are dealing with a behaviour of self-affirmation, of personal commitment to one’s own family and the community of followers that they have generated with their videos and that, if money could sometimes be a motivator, as well as the psychosocial reward of knowing that they are micro-influencers, the fact is that motivation of a eudaimonic nature is also predominant.